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Encephalitis Diagnosis is the main focus of this sqadia.com medical lecture. This V learning lecture provides an in-detail elaboration of CSF examination and pleocytosis along with the CSF Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and CSF culture. In addition to this, various imaging techniques like MRI, CT scan and EEG has been explained. In the end, differential diagnosis of viral encephalitis has been considered.
In the beginning of this section, CSF profile has been conversed about. Following this, CSF pleocytosis, CSF cell count along with the CSF examination has been thoroughly explained. Moreover, CSF neutrophilia, red blood cell count and glucose concentration has been delineated.
This section talks about the CSF PCR which is one of the commonly employed diagnostic technique. Firstly, varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection has been brought under discussion. Subsequently, Herpes simplex virus (HSV) CSF polymerase chain reaction and EV and EBV CSF polymerase chain reaction has been explicated. In the end, diagnosis of west Nile virus (WNV) has been considered.
The key emphasis of this section is CSF culture. After presenting an overview of CSF culture, serologic studies and antigen detection has been comprehensively talked about. additionally, West Nile virus (WNV) encephalitis and Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis has been elaborated. In the end, antigen detection of Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) has been highlighted.
Amongst the available imaging techniques, used for the diagnosis of encephalitis, MRI, CT scan and electroencephalogram (EEG) has been expansively mentioned. In the beginning, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been explained. Following this, CT scan and electroencephalogram (EEG) anomalies have been shed light upon. Conclusively, VZV and Cytomegalovirus virus (CMV) encephalitis along with the brain biopsy has been elaborated.
Firstly, the conditions which mimic viral encephalitis have been considered. Subsequently, autoimmune causes of encephalitis along with the infections by ameba; Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia have been broadly conversed about. Additionally, raccoon pinworm encephalitis, Herpes simplex virus encephalitis along with the infections caused by other viruses have been explained. Moreover, flavivirus and WNV Infection, clinical presentation of encephalitic rabies and its diagnosis has been discussed.